Create A Single Coloured Image Using OpenCV Library

by | Mar 19, 2022 | Coding, Python

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Introduction of the Project

Today, we are going to explore one feature of OpenCV, which is to get a single coloured image from a colourful image. Wanna make a colourful image greyish in colour? Try it once using the power of OpenCV. This Python Program to create a single coloured image using OpenCV Library allows you to successfully make a multi-colour image into a single-colour image with a smaller code displayed in the upcoming sections.

 

Requirements

1. VSCode or any python IDE

2. OpenCV library and Numpy must be preinstalled on your pc

3. An image to get a single coloured image.

Steps To Create A Single Coloured Image Using OpenCV Library

Step 1: Install OpenCV and NumPy if you don’t have them in your system.

Paste the below line of command in your command prompt and press enter.

pip install opencv-python

pip install numpy

Step 2: Paste the below piece of code in your editor/IDE.

Source Code

# Import modules
import numpy as np
import cv2


# Here, we are reading an image using opencv
imgOriginal = cv2.imread('Videos/image.png')


# Resizing the image
img = cv2.resize(imgOriginal, (500, 600))


# Here, we are opening an image using opencv
cv2.imshow('Coloured Image', img)


# To get image height and width
height, width, channels = img.shape


# To convert the BGR image to HSV colour space
hsv = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2HSV)


# To obtain the grayscale image of the original image
gray = cv2.cvtColor(img, cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)


# To set the bounds for the red hue
lower_red = np.array([160,100,50])
upper_red = np.array([180,255,255])


# To create a mask using the bounds set
mask = cv2.inRange(hsv, lower_red, upper_red)


# To create an inverse of the mask
mask_inv = cv2.bitwise_not(mask)


# To filter only the red colour from the original image using the mask(foreground)
res = cv2.bitwise_and(img, img, mask=mask)


# To filter the regions containing colours other than red from the grayscale image(background)
background = cv2.bitwise_and(gray, gray, mask = mask_inv)


# To convert the one channelled grayscale background to a three channelled image
background = np.stack((background,)*3, axis=-1)


# To add the foreground and the background
img_ca = cv2.add(res, background)


# To show grey shaded image
cv2.imshow('@Grey_Shaded_Image', img_ca)


# To save image using opencv
cv2.imwrite('Grey Shaded Image.jpg', img_ca)


# This waits for a pressed key
cv2.waitKey(0)


# To destroy all GUI windows
cv2.destroyAllWindows()

Explanation Of The Code

In the beginning, we imported two modules, OpenCV and NumPy.

1. Now, we open the original coloured image from its path and show it, using imread() and imshow() functions.

2. After that, we resize the image using resize function.

3. Then, we convert the BRG image to grayscale using mathematics, bitwise_and(), bitwise_not(), and add() functions.

4. Now, we are showing and saving the grey shaded image using imshow() and imwrite() functions.

5. Finally, we are closing all the GUI windows using the destroy all windows function.

Output

The Colourful and single coloured image is shown below using this single coloured image using OpenCV Library python code.

Create A Single Coloured Image Using OpenCV Library

Things to Remember

  • Install both the modules prior to pasting the code.
  • Write the name of the modules in lowercase only.

 

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