The Gauss Rifle

by | Oct 19, 2022 | Physics, Experiments

Introduction

In this experiment, we discovered certain laws, including the force alteration between the object and the magnet by magnetic acceleration. The opposite of this is used in gears and plates of most machines as the heavy object can only move using a powerful shift of energy for moving them so that the mechanic in the machine are kept moving. We also learned how GPS takes transportation to the next level inside the vehicles.

Aim

This experiment will determine the launches of steel ball bearings from a device at a very high speed with neodymium magnets.

Theory

1. The Gauss rifle is also known as the Coilgun.

2. The Gauss rifle is a type of mass driver that consists of one or more coil used as electromagnets in the linear motor configuration for accelerating a conducting projectile or a ferromagnetic to a higher velocity.

3. The first coil gun was discovered by Carl Friedrich Gauss

Requirements

1. Two wooden meter sticks,

2. Tape,

3. Five neodymium rare earth magnets ( cube 1^(½) X 1^(½) ),

4. Eleven nickel-plated steel ball bearings of the same height or larger as the magnet,

Procedure

Step 1: With the help of tape attach all the five magnets to the wooden rulers. Magnets should be placed 12 centimetres apart from one another.

Step 2: Tape the rulers to avoid the attraction between magnets.

Step 3: Place two ball bearings to the right of each magnet.

Step 4: By setting the eleventh ball bearing in front of the leftmost magnet, fire the device. This will pass the energy through the magnets that will launch the ball at a very high speed that your eyes can’t even see.

Step 5: Now, record your observation.

Observation

1. We observed that when we angle the device in the upward direction, the speed gradually decreases as the force of gravity against the device.

2. When we angle the device in the downward direction, the speed gradually increases as the force of gravity acts in the direction of the device.

3. The speed also changed on changing the sizes of ball bearings.

Result

1. In the upward direction, the device went slower, while in the downward direction, the device went faster.

2. On using the larger sizes balls the device went slower; while using the smaller sizes balls, the device went faster because of the mass, which is larger in large size balls while smaller in smaller size balls.

Precaution

1. Magnets should be placed apart from each other.

2. Tape the rulers strongly.

Conclusion

This experiment was to determine the launches of steel ball bearings from a device at very high speed with neodymium magnets.

Viva questions with answers

Q.1 What was the aim of your experiment?

ANS. To determine the launches of steel ball bearings from a device at very high speed with neodymium magnets.

Q.2 What do you understand about the Gauss Rifle?

ANS. It is a type of mass driver that consists of one or more than one coil which is used as electromagnets in the linear motor configuration for accelerating a conducting projectile or a ferromagnetic to a higher velocity.

Q.3 What is the result when you fire the device in the upward direction?

ANS. When I angled the device in the upward direction, the speed gradually decreased as the force of gravity against the device.

Q.4 What is the result when you fire the device in the downward direction?

ANS. When I angled the device in the downward direction the speed gradually increases as the force of gravity acted in the direction of the device.

Q.5 What is the result of ball bearing size on the device?

ANS. On using the larger sizes balls, the device went slower, while using the smaller sizes balls the device went faster because of the mass which is larger in large size balls while smaller in smaller size balls.

 

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